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Physical Therapy Continuing Education Course

Mechanics, Muscle Function and Exercise

Lecture Name

Mechanics, Muscle Function and Exercise     $44.93

This lecture is part of the following course:
The Shoulder Complex


This course thoroughly examines the shoulder complex and how mechanics, muscle function and exercise demonstrate the synchrony of the anatomical components of both the muscular and skeletal structures of the shoulder girdle, including the scapula and glenohumeral joints, as well as the muscles utilized to move these joints. Dr. Pink integrates and discusses electromyographic and cadaver data supporting the biomechanical data, and she describes the shoulder in both static and dynamic conditions. The course concludes with a series of electromyographically-proven optimal exercises for the shoulder group.

Continuing education credits


This activity has been certified by FSBPT/ProCert for 1.0 CCUs. This certification is accepted in the following jurisdictions for physical therapists and physical therapist assistants: Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, District of Columbia, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota (Category 1), Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota (certified activity), Oregon, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia (Type 1), Wisconsin and Wyoming.

This course is acceptable for credit in most other states for PTs and PTAs. To see the full list of courses approved for continuing education in your state, visit our courses page and filter for "Physical Therapist" or "Physical Therapist Assistant" and your state of licensure.

Contact Hours: 1.50


Difficulty: Intermediate

Goals & Objectives:

At the completion of this lecture, the learner will be able to:

  1. Describe the axis of rotation of the humeral head on the glenohumeral complex in the non-pathological shoulder.
  2. Distinguish three static and five dynamic influences on the axis of rotation.
  3. Identify four muscular groups in the shoulder: Protectors, arm Placers, scapular Pivoters and Power drivers.
  4. Identify the four glenohumeral Protector muscles within the rotator cuff.
  5. Discuss at least two functional characteristics of each Protector.
  6. Understand how the deltoids work as a Placer for the arm.
  7. Discuss how the Protectors and the deltoids work together as a force couple.
  8. Identify the four scapular Pivoter muscles.
  9. Discuss at least two functional characteristics of each Pivoter.
  10. Identify the two Power driver muscles within the shoulder.
  11. Discuss three functional characteristics of each Power driver.
  12. Articulate why muscular balance at the glenohumeral complex is a myth.
  13. Given a patient with a shoulder injury, deduce what muscular weaknesses or issues are present in order to develop an appropriate treatment plan.
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