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Physical Therapy Continuing Education eProfessor Profile

Chad Cook PT, Ph.D., M.B.A., FAAOMPT

Dr. Cook is an internationally acclaimed expert in differential diagnosis. He teaches over 2,000 physical therapists a year on the topic, and his books have sold over 5,000 copies. His writing and teaching is evidence-based and well received, as demonstrated through his over 70 peer-reviewed publications and his multiple awards in teaching and writing.
  • Professor and Vice-Chief of Research at Duke University's Division of Physical Therapy in Durham, North Carolina.
  • Has published over 70 peer-reviewed research articles, as well as two books.
  • Past editor-in-chief, Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy.
  • Williams Evans Research Fellow, University of Otago, 2012.
  • 2009 Dorothy E. Baethke — Eleanor J. Carlin Award recipient for Excellence in Academic Teaching from the APTA.
  • Two-time recipient of the OPTP/JMMT Literature Review Award.
  • Three-time recipient of Duke University’s physical therapy teaching award.
  • Senior Faculty with Maitland Australian Physiotherapy Seminars.


Differential Diagnosis (7.50 hours)

Chad Cook PT, Ph.D., M.B.A., FAAOMPT

Recommended Lecture Sequence:
  1. Foundational Clinical Decision Making (2.00 hours) - $59.90 -    - Buy Course
  2. Spot Diagnosis or Triage (2.00 hours) - $59.90 -    - Buy Course
  3. Differential Diagnosis of the Upper Quarter (1.50 hours) - $44.93 -    - Buy Course
  4. Differential Diagnosis of the Lower Quarter (2.00 hours) - $59.90 -    - Buy Course

Buy Course

Peer-Reviewed Publications

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  • Riley SP, Tafuto V, Cote M, Brismée JM, Wright A, Cook C. Preliminary reliability and validity of the shoulder functional reach score. Physiother Res Int. 2018 Jul 23:e1733.
  • Saragiotto BT, Maher CG, New CH, et al. Clinimetric testing of the Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2018 Jun 22:1-24.
  • Cook CE, George SZ, Reiman MP. Red flag screening for low back pain: nothing to see here, move along: a narrative review. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Apr;52(8):493-496.
  • Reneker JC, Cheruvu VK, Yang J, James MA, Cook CE. Physical examination of dizziness in athletes after a concussion: A descriptive study. Musculoskelet Sci Pract. 2018 Apr;34:8-13.
  • Scerbo T, Colasurdo J, Dunn S, Unger J, Nijs J, Cook C. Measurement properties of the central sensitization inventory: a systematic review. Pain Pract. 2018 Apr;18(4):544-54.
  • Kim R, Wiest C, Clark K, Cook C, Horn M. Identifying risk factors for first-episode neck pain: A systematic review. Musculoskelet Sci Pract. 2018 Feb;33:77-83.
  • Reiman MP, Thorborg K, Goode AP, Cook CE, Weir A, Hölmich P. Diagnostic accuracy of imaging modalities and injection techniques for the diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement/labral tear: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Am J Sports Med. 2017 Sep;45(11):2665-2677.
  • Salamh P, Cook C, Reiman MP, Sheets C. Treatment effectiveness and fidelity of manual therapy to the knee: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Musculoskeletal Care. 2017 Sep;15(3):238-248.
  • Tousignant-Laflamme Y, Christopher S, Clewley D, Ledbetter L, Cook CJ, Cook CE. Does shared decision making results in better health related outcomes for individuals with painful musculoskeletal disorders? A systematic review. J Man Manip Ther. 2017 Jul;25(3):144-150.
  • Salamh PA, Reiman M, Cleland J, Mintken P, Rodeghero J, Cook CE. Risk stratification for 4,837 individuals with knee pain who receive physical therapy treatment. Musculoskeletal Care. 2017 Jun;15(2):122-130.
  • Rodeghero JR, Cleland JA, Mintken PE, Cook CE. Risk stratification of patients with shoulder pain seen in physical therapy practice. 2017 Apr;23(2):257-263.
  • O'Connell NE, Cook CE, Wand BM, Ward SP. Clinical guidelines for low back pain: A critical review of consensus and inconsistencies across three major guidelines. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2016 Dec;30(6):968-980.
  • Hebert O, Schlueter K, Hornsby M, Van Gorder S, Snodgrass S, Cook C. The diagnostic credibility of second impact syndrome: A systematic literature review. J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Oct;19(10):789-94.
  • Magarey ME, Jones MA, Cook CE, Hayes MG. Does physiotherapy diagnosis of shoulder pathology compare to arthroscopic findings? Br J Sports Med. 2016 Sep;50(18):1151-7.
  • Hegedus EJ, McDonough S, Bleakley C, et al. Physical performance tests predict injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association athletes: a three-season prospective cohort study. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50:1333-7.
  • Reneker JC, Cheruvu V, Yang J, et al. Differential diagnosis of dizziness after a sports-related concussion based on descriptors and triggers: an observational study. Inj Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;2(1):22.
  • Cook C, Rodeghero J, Cleland J, Mintken P. A preliminary risk stratification model for individuals with neck pain. Musculoskeletal Care. 2015 Sep;13(3):169-178.
  • Alqarni AM, Schneiders AG, Cook CE, Hendrick PA. Clinical tests to diagnose lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: A systematic review. Phys Ther Sport. 2015 Aug;16(3):268-75.
  • Reneker JC, Clay Moughiman M, Cook CE. The diagnostic utility of clinical tests for differentiating between cervicogenic and other causes of dizziness after a sports-related concussion: An international Delphi study. J Sci Med Sport. 2015 Jul;18(4):366-72.
  • Hegedus EJ, McDonough S, Bleakley C, Cook CE, Baxter GD. Clinician-friendly lower extremity physical performance measures in athletes: a systematic review of measurement properties and correlation with injury, part 1. The tests for knee function including the hop tests. Br J Sports Med. 2015 May;49(10):642-8.
  • Hegedus EJ, McDonough SM, Bleakley C, Baxter D, Cook CE. Clinician-friendly lower extremity physical performance tests in athletes: a systematic review of measurement properties and correlation with injury. Part 2--the tests for the hip, thigh, foot and ankle including the star excursion balance test. Br J Sports Med. 2015 May;49(10):649-56.
  • Hegedus EJ, Cook C, Lewis J, Wright A, Park JY. Combining orthopedic special tests to improve diagnosis of shoulder pathology. Phys Ther Sport. 2015 May;16(2):87-92.
  • Reiman MP, Mather RC 3rd, Cook CE. Physical examination tests for hip dysfunction and injury. Br J Sports Med. 2015 Mar;49(6):357-61.
  • Morris A, Cook C, Hassen A. Ohio physical therapists' accuracy in identifying abnormalities on diagnostic images with and without a clinical vignette. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Oct;9(5):674-90.
  • Schneider GM, Jull G, Thomas K, et al. Derivation of a clinical decision guide in the diagnosis of cervical facet joint pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Sep;95(9):1695-701.
  • Learman K, Ellis A, Goode A, Showalter C, Cook CE. Physical therapists' clinical knowledge of multi-disciplinary low back pain treatment guidelines. Phys Ther. 2014 Jul;94(7):934-46.
  • Cook C, Cleland J, Hegedus E, Wright A, Hancock M. The creation of the diagnostic accuracy quality scale (DAQS). J Man Manip Ther. 2014 May;22(2):90-6.
  • Reiman MP, Mather RC 3rd, Hash TW 2nd, Cook CE. Examination of acetabular labral tear: a continued diagnostic challenge. Br J Sports Med. 2014 Feb;48(4):311-9.
  • Cook CE, Sizer PS, Isaacs RE, Wright A. Clinical identifiers for detecting underlying closed cervical fractures. Pain Pract. 2014 Feb;14(2):109-16.
  • Shultz S, Olszewski A, Ramsey O, Schmitz M, Wyatt V, Cook C. A systematic review of outcome tools used to measure lower leg conditions. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2013 Dec;8(6):838-48.
  • Reiman MP, Goode AP, Hegedus EJ, Cook CE, Wright AA. Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests of the hip: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2013 Sep;47(14):893-902.
  • Schwieterman B, Haas D, Columber K, Knupp D, Cook C. Diagnostic accuracy of physical examination tests of the ankle/foot complex: a systematic review. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2013 Aug;8(4):416-26.
  • Donaldson M, Learman K, O'Halloran B, Showalter C, Cook C. The role of patients' expectation of appropriate initial manual therapy treatment in outcomes for patients with low back pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2013 Jun;36(5):276-83.
  • Schwind J, Learman K, O'Halloran B, Showalter C, Cook C. Different minimally important clinical difference (MCID) scores lead to different clinical prediction rules for the Oswestry disability index for the same sample of patients. J Man Manip Ther. 2013 May;21(2):71-8.
  • Stewart K, Derck A, Long K, Learman K, Cook C. Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for the detection of splenomegaly: a systematic review. Phys Ther Rev. 2013;18:173-84.
  • Phillips JC, Cook C, Beaty S, Kissenberth MJ, Siffri P, Hawkins RJ. Validity of noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing superior labrum anterior-posterior tears. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013 Jan;22(1):3-8.
  • Learman K, Showalter C, Cook C. Does the use of a prescriptive clinical prediction rule increase the likelihood of applying inappropriate treatments? A survey using clinical vignettes. Man Ther. 2012 Dec;17(6):538-43.
  • Hegedus E, Goode A, Cook C, et al. Which physical examination tests provide clinicians with the most value when examining the shoulder? Update of a systematic review with meta-analysis of individual tests. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Nov;46(14):964-78.
  • Garrison C, Cook C. Clinimetrics corner: the Global Rating of Change Score (GRoC) poorly correlates with functional measures and is not temporally stable. J Man Manip Ther. 2012 Nov;20(4):178-81.
  • Scaia V, Baxter D, Cook C. The pain provocation-based straight leg raise test for diagnosis of lumbar disc herniation, lumbar radiculopathy, and/or sciatica: a systematic review of clinical utility. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2012;25(4):215-23.
  • Cook C, Ross M, Issacs R, Hegedus E. Investigation of nonmechanical findings during spinal movement screening for identifying and/or ruling out metastatic cancer. Pain Pract. 2012 Jul;12(6):426-33.
  • Cook C, Mabry L, Reiman MP, Hegedus EJ. Best tests/clinical findings for screening and diagnosis of patellofemoral pain syndrome: a systematic review. Physiotherapy. 2012 Jun;98(2):93-100.
  • Cook C, Beaty S, Kissenberth M, Siffri P, Gill S, Hawkins RJ. Diagnostic accuracy of five orthopedic clinical tests for diagnosis of superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 Jan;21(1):13-22.
  • Cook C, Wilhelm M, Cook A, Petrosino C, Isaacs R. Clinical tests for screening and diagnosis of cervical spine myelopathy. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2011 Oct;34(8):539-46.
  • Cook C, Brown C, Michael K, et al. The clinical value of a cluster of patient history and observational findings as a diagnostic support tool for lumbar spine stenosis. Physiother Res Int. 2011 Sep;16(3):170-8.
  • Reneker J, Paz J, Petrosino C, Cook C. Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests and signs of temporomandibular joint disorders: a systematic review of the literature. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2011 Jun;41(6):408-16.
  • Cook C, Hegedus E. Diagnostic utility of clinical tests for spinal dysfunction. Man Ther. 2011 Feb;16(1):21-5.
  • Donaldson M. Learman KE. Wright A. Brown C. Howes C, Cook CE. Factor structure and concurrent/convergent validity of the modified somatic perception questionnaire and the pain beliefs screening instrument. J Manipulative Physio Therapeutics. 2011 Jan;34(1):30-6.
  • Cook C, Brown C, Isaacs R, Roman M, Davis S, Richardson W. Clustered clinical findings for diagnosis of cervical spine myelopathy. J Man Manip Ther. 2010 Dec;18(4):175-80.
  • Sweitzer B, Cook C, Steadman JR, Hawkins RJ, Wyland D. The inter-rater reliability and diagnostic accuracy of patellar mobility tests in patients with anterior knee pain. Phys Sportsmed. 2010 Oct;38(3):90-6.
  • Roman M, Brown C, Richardson W, Isaacs R, Howes C, Cook C. The development of a clinical decision making algorithm for detection of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture or wedge deformity. J Man Manip Ther. 2010 Mar;18(1):44-9.
  • Cook C, Hegedus E, Hawkins R, Scovall F, Wyland D. Diagnostic accuracy and association to disability of clinical test findings associated with patellofemoral pain syndrome. Physiother Can. 2010 Winter;62(1):17-24.
  • Cook C, Brismee JM, Pietrobon R, Sizer P, Hegedus E, Riddle D. Development of a quality checklist using Delphi methods for prescriptive clinical prediction rules: the QUADCPR. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2010 Jan;33(1):29-41.
  • Cook C. The lost art of the clinical examination: parting ways with special tests. J Man Manip Ther. 2010;18(1):3-4.
  • Domzalski T, Cook C, Attarian D, Kelley S, Bolognesi M, Vail T. Activity Scale for Arthroplasty Patients (ASAP) following total hip arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2009 Sep;24(6 Suppl):138-43.
  • Cook C, Roman M, Stewart K, Gray-Leithe L, Isaacs R. Reliability and diagnostic accuracy of clinical special tests for myelopathy in patients seen for cervical dysfunction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2009 Mar;39(3):172-8.
  • Coronado R, Hudson B, Sheets C, et al. Correlation of magnetic resonance imaging findings and reported symptoms in patients with chronic cervical dysfunction. J Man Manip Ther. 2009;17(3):148-53.
  • Cook C. Clinimetrics corner. the clinically important change score. A necessary pretense. J Man Manip Ther. 2008;16(4):E82-3.
  • Cook C, Braga-Baiak A, Pietrobon R, Shah A, Neto AC, de Barros N. Observer agreement of spine stenosis on magnetic resonance imaging analysis of patients with cervical spine myelopathy. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008 May;31(4):271-6.
  • Hegedus E, Goode A, Campbell S, Moran A, Tamaddoni M, Moorman CT, Cook C. Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review with meta-analysis of individual tests. Br J Sports Med. 2008 Feb;42(2):80-92; discussion 92.

Other Publications

  • Roenz D, Broccolo J, Brust S, et al. The impact of pragmatic vs. prescriptive study designs on the outcomes of low back and neck pain when using mobilization or manipulation techniques: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Man Manip Ther. 2018 Jul;26(3):123-135.
  • Cook CE, O'Connell NE, Hall T, et al. Benefits and threats to using social media for presenting and implementing evidence. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2018 Jan;48(1):3-7.
  • Hegedus EJ, Wright AA, Cook C. Orthopaedic special tests and diagnostic accuracy studies: house wine served in very cheap containers. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Nov;51(22):1578-1579.
  • Reid D, Cook C, Sizer PS, Froment F, Showalter CR, Brismée JM. Is orthopaedic manipulative physical therapy not fashionable anymore? Lessons learned from 2016 IFOMPT meeting and future directions. J Man Manip Ther. 2017 Feb;25(1):1-2.
  • Cook C. Predatory journals: the worst thing in publishing, ever. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Jan;47(1):1-2.
  • Cook C. Predicting future physical injury in sports: it's a complicated dynamic system. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Nov;50(22):1356-1357.
  • Haskins R, Cook C. Enthusiasm for prescriptive clinical prediction rules (e.g., back pain and more): a quick word of caution. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Aug;50(16):960-1.
  • Langan SM, Cook C, Benchimol EI. Improving the reporting of studies using routinely collected health data in physical therapy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Mar;46(3):126-7.
  • Hegedus EJ, Cook CE. Return to play and physical performance tests: evidence-based, rough guess or charade? Br J Sports Med. 2015 Oct;49(20):1288-9.
  • Rodeghero J, Cook C. The use of big data in manual physiotherapy. Man Ther. 2014 Dec;19(6):509-10.
  • Cook C. Key issues for manual therapy clinical practice and research in North America. Man Ther. 2013 Aug;18(4):269-70.
  • Costa LO, Lin CW, Grossi DB, et al. Clinical trial registration in physical therapy journals: recommendations from the International Society of Physiotherapy Journal Editors. J Physiother. 2012;58(4):211-3.
  • Cook C. An interactive rehabilitation measures database for clinicians. J Physiother. 2012:58(3):205.
  • Cook C. Challenges with diagnosis: sketchy reference standards. J Man Manip Ther. 2012;20(3):111-2.
  • Cook C. Publication, fraud, dishonesty and deceipt. J Man Manip Ther. 2012;20(2):57-8.
  • Cook C. Immediate effects from manual therapy: much ado about nothing? J Man Manip Ther. 2011;19(1):1-2.
  • Cook C. Five percent of the time it works 100 percent of the time. The erroneousness of the p value. J Man Manip Ther. 2010;18(3):123-5.
  • Cook C. Is clinical gestalt good enough? J Man Manip Ther. 2009;17(1):6-7.
  • Cook C. Excellence is a moving target. J Man Manip Ther. 2008:16(3):125.
  • Cook C. Pitfalls in clinical prediction rules. J Man Manip Ther. 2008;16(2).


  • Jan K. Richardson Excellence in Teaching Award, Duke University (1st years AND 3rd years), 2006.
  • US Bone and Joint, Young Investigators Initiative Award (AAOS), 2005.
  • J. Warren Perry Distinguished Author Award, 2005.
  • OPTP/JMMT Literature Review Award, 2005.
  • OPTP/JMMT Literature Review Award, 2003.
  • Williams Evans Research Fellow, University of Otago, 2012.
  • Cerasoli Lecturer, Academy of Physical Therapy Education, APTA, 2017.
  • Walsh Scholar, Walsh University, 2013.
  • Excellence in Research Award, AAOMPT, 2011.
  • Distinguished Editor Award, Maney Publishing, 2012.
  • Dorothy E. Baethke — Eleanor J. Carlin Award, APTA, 2009. Awarded annually to acknowledge an individual who has made significant contributions to physical therapy education through excellence in academic teaching.
  • Dorothy Briggs Memorial Scientific Inquiry Award, APTA, 2012.
  • Jan K. Richardson Excellence in Teaching Award, Duke University (3rd years), 2009.
  • Williams Evans Research Fellow, University of Otago, 2009.
  • Helen May Bradley Career Achievement Award, Maryville University, 2007. Awarded to a physical therapist who embodies the traits and achievements of Helen May Bradley, the first physical therapist to practice in Missouri.
  • Jan K. Richardson Excellence in Teaching Award, Duke University (3rd years), 2007.


  • Cook C. Orthopedic Manual Therapy: An Evidence Based Approach. Upper Saddle River NJ; Prentice Hall: 2007.
  • Cook C, Hegedus E. Orthopedic Physical Examination Tests: An Evidence-Based Approach. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River NJ; Prentice Hall: 2013.
  • Cook C. Orthopedic Manual Therapy: An Evidence Based Approach. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River NJ; Prentice Hall: 2012.
  • Cook C, Cook A. Cervical spine myelopathy. In: Fernandas de las Penas C, Cleland J, Huijbregts P. Neck and Arm Pain Syndromes: Evidence-Informed Screening, Diagnosis, and Management in Manual Therapy. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2011.
  • Cook C, Hegedus E. Orthopedic Physical Examination Tests: An Evidence-Based Approach. Upper Saddle River NJ; Prentice Hall: 2008.
  • Sprague R, Cook C. Differential assessment and mobilization of the cervical and upper thoracic spine. In: Donatelli RA, Wooden M. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2008.

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